Traditionally, an English cottage garden focuses on flowers. However, English garden designers have also included other plants, such as evergreen climbers and shrubs. Climbing hydrangea, crab apple trees, bay trees, and wisteria are all examples of appropriate plants for an English cottage garden. This type of garden also emphasizes color and texture, with the colors of the flowers often mimicking those found in the English countryside.
Plants used in a cottage garden
Their plethora of plants characterize traditional English cottage gardens. Often populated by fruit trees, vegetables, herbs, and flowers, a traditional English cottage garden is nothing short of a botanical paradise. A 19th-century idealized version of a cottage garden depicts a storybook cottage adrift on a sea of flowers. While the real thing is more rustic and informal, there are many modern-day variations on the cottage-style garden.
Cottage gardeners will typically use perennials such as hollyhocks, delphiniums, phlox, daisies, and lady’s mantle. For a drought-tolerant look, they recommend succulents and native grasses, including sedums and echeverias. Daffodils, for example, can bloom all year round and are a great addition to any English cottage-style garden.
Phlox is another popular choice for the English cottage garden. The large, star-shaped flowers are typically borne in clusters during the midsummer months. Phlox is easy to grow and requires regular watering. You can deadhead phlox plants to ensure continuous flowering. In addition to phlox, you should also include several varieties of foxgloves. Foxgloves are biennials with fragrant blooms that make them an excellent choice for the English cottage garden.
Cottage gardens have no set plan, instead of mimicking the beauty of nature. Typical English cottage gardens are filled with a profusion of plants. They are often characterized by lush, meandering paths, inviting benches, and ornate iron gates. The best examples are bursting with color, and the overall look is like a self-planted garden. While they are not formal, they are still quite charming.
To create a classic English cottage garden, use a wide variety of plants to add visual interest. Choose a variety of flowers with multipetalled petals and mix them in a vibrant mixture. Also, consider the heights of your plants when selecting them; the shorter ones should be placed in front and the taller ones in the middle. There is no one perfect plant combination for a cottage garden, but there are specific guidelines that you can follow to achieve the look you desire.
Traditionally, the English cottage garden contains many flowering plants that are both edible and ornamental. These plants include vegetables, fruits, herbs, and flowers, which are still common today. The best English cottage gardens are largely self-planted, and many plants are both attractive and edible. They’re also very charming, with flowering plants accenting the edible plants. Whether you’re looking for a classic cottage garden or a more modern look, there are a variety of plant combinations that can help you create the perfect English garden.
The most traditional English cottage gardens were typically late spring to autumn affairs, with the peak season being summer. To achieve the look, select plants that thrive in late spring, late summer, or early fall. Choose plants that are easy to grow in your area. For example, old-fashioned roses will be a perfect fit for your garden. The best shrubs for our climate are rhubarb, runner beans, pumpkin, and herbs such as parsley and basil.
The Snapdragon is an essential plant for an English cottage garden. Adaptable to any soil type, it thrives in a pH range of 6.0 to 6.7. Its flower resemblance resembles fireworks, and it is available in nearly every shade of purple. This herbaceous perennial needs full sun to grow properly. Once the foliage dies back, cover the clump with low-growing herbs. In addition to looking beautiful, these plants are also excellent for pollinators.
Cottage gardens should feature a variety of plant species. Tall, spreading plants are usually grouped in the center and back of a bed, thereby emphasizing the informality of the garden. Tall plants create a sense of ragged, uncontrolled abundance. Republishing an entire High Country Gardens article is strictly prohibited, but you may reprint a short excerpt. To reprint a single article, please get in touch with the author.
An English cottage garden is comprised of annuals, perennials, and bulbs nearby. Traditional English gardens contained a variety of plants for maximum productivity. These beds also included herbs for medicinal and edible use. Small flowering trees are also common in this style. Moreover, they offer light shade and fragrant spring flowers. For best results, choose flowers that are hardy and drought-tolerant. If you cannot grow these plants in your garden, consult a professional.
Plants to plant in a cottage garden
Traditional English cottage gardens are romantic and full of fragrant flowers. They bring country charm to any space. Plants for this type of garden need to be robust and resistant to the elements. Because cottage gardens have limited space and quiet winters, you’ll want to use plants that thrive in this environment. Below are some ideas for plants you can use to create a traditional English cottage garden. All of these flowers have very different care and maintenance requirements.
Perennials are an excellent choice for a cottage garden. They require less maintenance than annuals and will thrive in dry shade. These plants are also beautiful but should be kept at a distance because they can become nuisances. If you’re worried about thuggish plants taking over your garden, look for plants that don’t get a lot of suns or are drought-tolerant.
Alliums are perennials that will add whimsy to your English Cottage garden. The blooms of alliums vary in color and are a beautiful addition to any garden. You can plant them with other bulbs to make them last longer. For a truly classic English cottage garden, you should plant allium bulbs in a row, one per plant. These bulbs can be separated from other plants in the garden, and they’ll be a great focal point for the English Cottage style.
Plants to avoid in a cottage garden
The plants you plant in an English cottage garden will depend on the pH level of your soil. The ideal pH range for this flower is between 6.5 and 7.0. They also prefer well-drained, slightly acidic, or alkaline soil. Plants with this name are low-maintenance perennials. They form a natural clump and bloom profusely throughout the summer. Their flowers resemble jester’s caps and can reach up to three feet in height.
Another thing to remember is that an English cottage garden has various plant types. The soil should be rich and loose in organic matter. This will help the plants grow faster and more prolifically. In addition, early spring feeding is essential to make the soil rich. Winter feeding with well-rotted manure can also help. Keeping the soil in good shape will make amending the soil less of a challenge.
Irises, foxglove, cosmos, snapdragon, and mahonia are classics for an English cottage garden. The hydrangea is an excellent choice for shady areas. Its long-lasting leaves will create a lovely contrast with the colorful flowers. You can also grow hydrangeas if you’d like. If you’re not sure which plants to use, check out the Brooklyn Botanic Garden’s Website.
Common plants in a cottage garden
A traditional plant in an English cottage garden is the Echinaceas, which are not native to Europe. They are herbaceous perennials that look lovely in clumps. They are drought tolerant and are available in a variety of warm colors. Echinaceas are also renowned for their medicinal properties. You can add them to your garden to attract pollinators and attract butterflies. Here are a few of the most popular species to consider for your garden.
Foxglove. This perennial flower has tall spikes of tubular flowers that attract hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. You can also plant apple trees for shade and fruit. A dwarf apple tree will fit better in your space and produce fruit sooner than the standard varieties. Lamb’s ear is also a popular choice. This plant produces silvery foliage and can grow in full or part sun. It can become invasive in warmer regions.
Phlox. This perennial plant produces fragrant flowers that range in color from blue to white. Phlox blooms for five to six weeks and needs plenty of water. They are easy to grow and will add fragrance to your garden. These plants are also fragrant and will last for months. However, they should be pruned after the first flush of flowers. Adding phlox to your garden will add a touch of classic English charm to your garden.